Skin is infected by three different microbial pathogens. These pathogens are bacteria, virus, and fungi. Normally skin infection may become mild and can be cured within a few days. But sometimes it becomes a severe problem when left untreated. If this skin infection enters the bloodstream or reaches to the bone it may lead the patient to death.
- Maintain personal Hygiene
Clean your hands regularly with hand wash or 70% alcohol. When washing hand, rub your both hands with one another for at least 20 seconds and then dry your hands with a paper towel or air dryer. Use 70% alcohol when there are no soaps or water. Rub your hands until it dries. A dirty hand also causes several foodborne illnesses. So it is very important to wash or clean your hands. You should also take a regular bath.
- Avoid personal contact:
In public place, people may not be infection-free. Avoid them to touch. Also, you can wash your hand after touching them or after handshaking with them.
- Don’t touch dirty thing:
If you do that then wash your hand immediately. Moneybag, mobile phone, restaurants menus contain a larger amount of bacteria. They are not always harmful. But if you have a risk to be infected with them or your skin is susceptible to pathogenic bacteria, then wash your hand after using them.
- Keep your gut healthy:
Several skin infections are caused by abnormal gut health. This skin infection includes dermatitis herpetiformis, asthma, acne, eczema, and rosacea. When there is an imbalance of gut bacteria it causes the gut to be permeable to the large food particle. These food particles or large molecule enter the bloodstream. Our body provokes an immune response against this molecule thus leading to an allergic response or skin inflammation.
To keep your gut healthy, take a probiotic supplement and other gut-healthy food.
- Be aware of several types of skin infections.
There are several types of skin infections. These infections include fungal skin infection viral skin infections and bacterial skin infections. It is very important to aware of different type of skin infection so that you can identify the cause of infection and avoid them.
The common example of fungal skin infection is athlete’s foot, yeast infections, and ringworms. Athlete’s foot may contaminate another person by using towels or clothing or even by walking on contaminated floors.
Staph infection is a common bacterial skin infection. Some bacteria such as Streptococcus or Staphylococcus cause skin infection. These infections include Cellulitis, Erysipelas, and Impetigo. Staphylococcus aureus has become resistant to methicillin and vancomycin. Thus staph infection is difficult to treat. These antibiotic-resistant bacteria are called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) respectively.
A common example of viral skin infections is chickenpox, cold sores, measles, and rubella. Take a vaccine to prevent this infection. Although there is no vaccine against cold sores.
- Don’t share personal items:
By sharing personal hygiene items with another person, it may come into contact with bodily fluids that may cause the transmission of bacterial pathogens. Personal things include towels, make-up, razors, hairbrushes, toothbrushes, and deodorant. Drinking utensil like glass and eating utensils like plate may contain saliva when you share it with other persons. You know saliva contains pathogens.
- Avoid skin injuries:
Injury in the skin is commonplace for the bacterial pathogen. First, you should care to prevent skin injury. If an injury occurs then clean and dresses injured skin instantly to prevent infection. Continue to use antiseptic until it recovers. Cover the wound with a bandage to prevent dirt, debris or pathogen on the skin. Change the bandage regularly. Sometimes skins are damaged in winter. Damaged skins are more susceptible to bacteria or fungus. Use moisturizing cream to prevent damage to the skin.